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50 States of Preservation: Valdosta State University in Valdosta, Georgia

April 1, 2017
Girls playing archery
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Phi Lambda Archery Competition, Play Day 1938. https://flic.kr/p/dYewrF 

Image courtesy of Valdosta State University Archives and Special Collections. 

This feature is part of a series we call “50 States of Preservation,” in which we are touring small and mid-sized museums, libraries, historical societies, and other repositories across the country to show how they are helping to preserve the nation’s cultural heritage.  Read other entries in the series here.

High Hill Missionary Baptist Church in northern Turner Co.
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High Hill Missionary Baptist Church in northern Turner Co., organized 1915, built 1916.  Photo by Howard Marshall, 1977. From the South Georgia Folklife Collection (http://archives.valdosta.edu/folklife)

Image courtesy of Valdosta State University Archives and Special Collections. Part of South Georgia Folklife Collection. ID: PHO-BW-1998.3-26. Library of Congress Prints. N 31.79685 and W -83.63822. https://flic.kr/p/o686PV
“Windins of the May Poles” May Day, 1939.
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“Windins of the May Poles” May Day, 1939. https://flic.kr/p/e1GJE7

Image courtesy of Valdosta State University Archives and Special Collections. 

What if you lost all of the files on your computer—photographs, documents, music, videos?  That’s exactly what happened several years ago at the Archives and Special Collections at Valdosta State University (VSU) in Valdosta, Georgia.  Through a series of freak accidents in the winter of 2010-11, the archives lost three external drives and suffered catastrophic hard-drive failures on four computers.  Archivists and data recovery experts worked to salvage as much as they could, but the archives permanently lost more than 80 gigabytes of electronic files from collections and projects.  Realizing the pressing need for better hardware, more consistent policies and procedures for tracking items, and a comprehensive digital preservation strategy, the archives applied for and received an NEH Preservation Assistance Grant in 2012, in an effort to avoid another loss of critical digital materials.

“The NEH Preservation Assistance Grant has had a huge impact on our department,” explains Archives and Special Collections Director Deborah Davis.  “Our digital program is now very stable and ongoing.” 

The Campus Canopy, January 23, 1942, Vol. 8, No. 11.
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The Campus Canopy, January 23, 1942, Vol. 8, No. 11.  (Valdosta State University, Georgia). The Campus Canopy was the student newspaper which began in 1934 at the Georgia State Women’s College and continued at Valdosta State College in 1950.  In 1970, the paper was renamed the Spectator, as it is known today.

The Campus Canopy and VSU Spectator Collection, 1934-  Image courtesy of Valdosta State University Archives and Special Collections.
Demorests Family Magazine Collection, 1879-1897.
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Demorests Family Magazine Collection, 1879-1897. http://bit.ly/2nOuh6z

Image courtesy of Valdosta State University Archives and Special Collections.

VSU’s impressive digital holdings are large and diverse.  They include thousands of photos, books, newspapers, letters, scrapbooks, objects, textiles, videos, audio recordings, and art.  For example, the award-winning South Georgia Folklife Project documents Wiregrass Country culture, Sacred Harp singing, Okefenokee music, turpentine workers, fisheries, radio interviews, and more.  Online exhibits and digitized photographs reveal the VSU’s 100-year history and include photos from the Spectator student newspaper, material on the Georgia State Woman’s College (the predecessor to VSU) from 1914 to 1930, and the Georgia Theatre Conference, and even images of the 1960s “Best Dressed Coeds!”  The collection also contains digital images of medieval manuscripts, East African art, and 4,500-year-old Babylonian clay tablets.  Over 1,500 herbarium slides from the university’s Biology Department, previously locked in a heavy-duty safe in complete disarray, are now digitized.  And video archives show campus events and local culture spanning decades.

Fats Baker (Gum Hauler) Wagon Driver, Greenwood Turpentine Camp, Stockton, GA.
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Fats Baker (Gum Hauler) Wagon Driver, Greenwood Turpentine Camp, Stockton, GA, circa late 1940s.  Photo by Joseph O. Rodgers, Jr., courtesy of George Harrington and Lowndes County Historical Society and Museum.

From the South Georgia Folklife Collection (http://archives.valdosta.edu/folklife).  Image courtesy of the Valdosta State University Archives and Special Collections.
Georgia State Womens College Annual Report Scrapbook, 1941.
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Georgia State Womens College Annual Report Scrapbook, 1941.  http://hdl.handle.net/10428/1920

Image courtesy of Valdosta State University Archives and Special Collections.

With NEH support, preservation experts Tom Clareson and Leigh A. Grinstead visited VSU in 2012.  They met with people across the campus, conducted a digital inventory and digital preservation readiness assessment, and provided recommendations for improving the care of the university’s digital collection.  Their advice enabled Davis and her staff to hit the ground running to develop a complete digital program at VSU. 

Georgia State Woman's College Monthly Literary and Art Magazine.
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Georgia State Woman's College Monthly Literary and Art Magazine. The PineBranch, April 1918 (The Writer’s Club of South Georgia State Normal College, Valdosta, Georgia, 1918-04). http://hdl.handle.net/10428/80

From The Pinebranch Collection.  Image courtesy of Valdosta State University Archives and Special Collections.
Georgia State Woman's College Yearbook, The Pinecone, 1933.
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Georgia State Woman's College Yearbook, The Pinecone, 1933. From 1825 to 1977 the yearbook was the Pinecone.  After ’77 the yearbook was discontinued until it was revived again as the Milestone in 1981, and lasted until 1987 at which point VSC had grown too big to produce a yearbook for all its students.

From The Pinecone Yearbook Collection (http://bit.ly/2nApch9).  Image courtesy of Valdosta State University Archives and Special Collections.

Davis ticks down the list of improvements at the university made over the last few years.  “We now have a detailed preservation policy.  We have cloud storage for our preserved items and are using a variety of software and standards to preserve our items.  We have greatly increased our digitization workflow and have moved all of our student assistants into digitizing, OCR and metadata.  We also added a Digital Specialist position to our staff, in charge of all digital activities.  We have increased access to over 30,000 pages and photographs available in such venues as our Institutional Repository and Flickr.”  She concluded by noting that “Our digitized materials are being harvested by the Digital Library of Georgia, by the Georgia Knowledge Repository and the Internet Archive.”

The Spectator, March 2, 1972.  Vol. 38, Issue 19.  Valdosta State College, 1972.
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The Spectator, March 2, 1972.  Vol. 38, Issue 19.  Valdosta State College, 1972. The Campus Canopy was the student newspaper which began in 1934 at the Georgia State Women’s College and continued at Valdosta State College in 1950.  In 1970, the paper was renamed The Spectator, as it is known today. http://hdl.handle.net/10428/2492

From The Campus Canopy and VSUSpectator Collection, 1934-.  Image courtesy of Valdosta State University Archives and Special Collections.
The New York Times: Shakespeare Tercentenary: 1616-1916.
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The New York Times: Shakespeare Tercentenary: 1616-1916. http://hdl.handle.net/10428/2313

Image courtesy of Valdosta State University Archives and Special Collections.

VSU’s digital collections are widely used both on campus and beyond, where they serve as a “teaching archives,” providing primary sources for classes and teaching students archival skills such as processing and indexing.  Collections have also attracted national interest from researchers, especially those working on the folklife of southern Georgia.  Now these essential digital resources are preserved and accessible to all.

Vestal, Tilghman R. Conscription, of Secession: A Lecture by Tilghman R. Vestal.
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Vestal, Tilghman R. Conscription, of Secession: A Lecture by Tilghman R. Vestal.  Broadside.  Little Compton, Rhode Island: Press of P.F. Littie, ca. 1866. From Slavery Papers, Speeches, & Manuscripts Collection [MS/146], a growing collection of digitized rare books on slavery in the South. http://hdl.handle.net/10428/2566

Image courtesy of Valdosta State University Archives and Special Collections.
Turner, J.A.  The Countryman.  September 29, 1862.
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The Only Confederate Newspaper To Be Published On A Southern Plantation.  The Countryman.  Tumwold, Putnam County, Georgia.  September, 1862. From Slavery Papers, Speeches, & Manuscripts Collection [MS/146], a growing collection of digitized rare books on slavery in the http://hdl.handle.net/10428/2127

Image courtesy of Valdosta State University Archives and Special Collections.

In every state, NEH supports organizations that preserve humanities collections.  Preservation Assistance Grants for Smaller Institutions (PAGs) fund projects that help safeguard photographs, letters, documents, prints, moving images, sound recordings, maps, drawings, artworks, textiles, furniture, and artifacts, making them available for future generations.  These collections help researchers, educators, and members of the public better understand the complex stories of the various cities, towns, and tribal groups that make up our nation.

Since 2000, NEH has made nearly 2,000 Preservation Assistance Grants to small and mid-sized organizations to preserve and care for their humanities collections.  In all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands, PAG awards have funded preservation assessments, purchase of shelving, environmental monitoring equipment, and preservation supplies, and training for staff.  Organizations in all states and U.S. territories are eligible to apply, and the program encourages applications from those new to NEH.  The next application deadline Preservation Assistance Grants for Smaller Institutions is May 2, 2017.  If you have any questions about this grant program, please contact us at preservation@neh.gov or 202-606-8570.  

Funding information

Valdosta State University received NEH support through Preservation Assistance Grants, PG-51534-12.