Postdoctoral fellowships support work based on the applicant’s research in China that aims to produce a scholarly text in English. Applicants must submit a carefully formulated research proposal that reflects an understanding of the present Chinese academic and research environment. The proposal should include a full statement addressing the relevance of the project to the broader issues in the discipline as well as to the field of China studies; the intended contribution of the research to the discipline; a detailed research design; the proposed institutional affiliation in China; and an assessment of the project's feasibility, the nature of results expected, and the rationale for the length of time that is being requested. In addition, applicants must possess an adequate working knowledge of Chinese. Grant tenure may be from six continuous months to one academic year and must take place in China. Awards are intended to allow leave from teaching and administrative responsibilities. There is no financial support for dependents. To be eligible, applicants must be US citizens or permanent residents with three years continuous residence in the US. Applications for this program must be submitted online at http://ofa.acls.org.