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The Fourteenth Colony: Native Californians, Missions, Presidios, and Colonists on the Spanish Frontier, 1769–1848

Landmarks of American History and Culture Workshops for School Teachers

Postmark Deadline: March 4, 2013

Two one-week workshops for eighty school teachers to explore the architectural, archaeological, cultural, and historical record of Spanish colonial missions in California.

This workshop, sponsored by the Institute for Archaeology of the California State University, Monterey Bay, unfolds around visits to Spanish colonial missions. Inquiry centers on such key questions as: What motives sent the joint Spanish military and religious expedition into "Alta California"? How do primary documents and the missions themselves help us understand the Spanish colonial heritage and its impact? Training in how to "read" a mission provides the interpretative framework of the workshops. In field trips, consideration is given to period artifacts, materials, construction methods, the social implications of built space, and the special features and distinctive functions of each site. The program begins on Sunday with a formal dinner and keynote address on Father Junípero Serra by historians Robert Senkewicz (Santa Clara University) in week one, and by Douglas Monroy (Colorado College) in week two. The focus of the first full day is the Mission San Juan Bautista, with buildings and features dating to 1797, including a soldiers barracks, nunnery, and livery stable. The Alameda (now Third Street) boasts a number of later eighteenth-century Spanish and early nineteenth-century Mexican-Indian adobes, and numerous examples of later architectural styles. On Tuesday, a morning visit to San Miguel Arcangel supports study of the artistic and musical traditions that pervaded daily life; arts curator Carol Kenyon introduces the brilliant fresco murals painted by the Salinan Indian peoples; and Spanish colonial music expert John Warren treats the participants to a demonstration performance by the New World Baroque Orchestra. At San Antonio de Padua in the afternoon, anthropologist Robert Hoover discusses its intact aqueduct system and water-driven mill, distinctive features of this "best preserved and most pristine" of missions in the Monterey Bay. On Thursday, the final field trip is to Mission San Carlos Borromeo and the Royal Presidio of Monterey, where guest scholars guide discussion on a range of topics, with emphasis on indigenous acculturation and change. Wednesday and Friday sessions are organized around "focus" group interactions, resource development using such collections as the Huntington Library's California population database, review of content in relation to classroom teaching, and presentation of curricular projects. On Saturday, historian Douglas Monroy guides concluding discussions in week one, and anthropologist Maria De Fátima Wade (University of Texas, Austin) in week two. The workshop is directed by archaeologist Ruben Mendoza, whose California Missions Source Book serves as a basic text. Other readings, primarily drawn from books and articles by visiting scholars, represent a cross-section of fields, including anthropology, archaeology, history, art history, and music.

Dates: July 7–13 or July 13–19
Director(s): Ruben Mendoza
Grantee Institutions: California State University, Monterey Bay
Location: Monterey, CA

About NEH Landmarks of American History: Workshops for School Teachers

The National Endowment for the Humanities is an independent grant-making agency of the federal government. As part of the NEH’s We the People program, we offer the following Landmarks of American History and Culture Workshops for School Teachers. NEH Landmarks of American History and Culture Workshops provide the opportunity for K-12 educators to engage in intensive study and discussion of important topics in American history and culture. These one-week programs will give participants direct experiences in the interpretation of significant historical and cultural sites and the use of archival and other primary evidence. Landmarks Workshops present the best scholarship on a specific landmark or related cluster of landmarks, enabling participants to gain a sense of the importance of historical places, to make connections between what they learn in the Workshop and what they teach, and to develop enhanced teaching or research materials.

Amount of Award

Teachers selected to participate will receive a stipend of $1,200 at the end of the residential Workshop session. Stipends are intended to help cover living expenses, books, and travel expenses to and from the Workshop location.


These projects are designed principally for classroom teachers and librarians in public, charter, independent, and religiously-affiliated schools, as well as home schooling parents. Other K-12 school personnel, including administrators, substitute teachers, and classroom professionals, are eligible to participate, subject to available space.

Teachers at schools in the United States or its territorial possessions or Americans teaching in foreign schools where at least 50 percent of the students are American nationals are eligible for this program. Applicants must be United States citizens, residents of U.S. jurisdictions, or foreign nationals who have been residing in the United States or its territories for at least the three years immediately preceding the application deadline. Foreign nationals teaching abroad at non-U.S. chartered institutions are not eligible to apply.

Applicants must complete the NEH application and provide all of the information requested to be considered eligible.

New this year: An individual may apply to up to two NEH Summer Programs in any one year (Landmarks Workshops, Summer Seminars, or Summer Institutes), but may participate in only one. Please note that eligibility criteria differ significantly between the Landmarks Workshops and the Seminars and Institutes Programs.

How to Apply

Please e-mail, telephone or send by U.S. Post a request for application information and expanded Workshop descriptions to the Landmarks directors listed here; in many cases, these materials will also be available on project Web sites. You may request information about as many Workshops as you like, and, as noted above, you may apply to up to two programs but participate in only one.