The Institute is an independent private institution founded in 1930 to create a community of scholars focused on intellectual inquiry, free from teaching and other university obligations. Scholars from around the world come to the Institute to pursue their own research. Scholars may apply for a stipend, but those with sabbatical funding, other grants, retirement funding or other means are also invited to apply for a non-stipendiary membership. The Institute provides access to extensive resources including offices, libraries, subsidized restaurant and housing facilities, and some secretarial services. The School of Historical Studies supports scholarship in all fields of historical research, but is concerned principally with the history of western, near eastern and Asian civilizations, with particular emphasis upon Greek and Roman civilization, the history of Europe (medieval, early modern, and modern), the Islamic world, East Asian studies, the history of art, the history of science, philosophy, and modern international relations. The School also offers the Edward T. Cone Membership in Music Studies. Candidates of any nationality may apply for a single term or a full academic year. Residence in Princeton during term time is required. The only other obligation of Members is to pursue their own research. To be eligible scholars must have the Ph.D. (or equivalent) and substantial publications. If they wish, Members may participate in seminars and meetings within the Institute and there are ample opportunities for contacts with scholars at nearby universities. Approximately forty Members are appointed each year. Member awards are funded by the Institute for Advanced Study or by other sources, including the National Endowment for the Humanities. About three NEH fellowships are available for 2012-2013.