WASHINGTON (January 15, 2014) — The National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) and nine international research funders today jointly awarded approximately $5.1 million to international research teams investigating how computational techniques may be applied to “big data”—the massive multi-source datasets made possible by modern technology— in humanities and social science research.
Fourteen teams representing Canada, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, and the Unites States were named the winners of the third Digging into Data Challenge, a competition to develop new insights, tools and skills in innovative humanities and social science research using large-scale data analysis. Each team represents collaborations among scholars, scientists, and information professionals from leading universities and libraries in Europe and North America.
Designed to challenge the research community to help create the new research infrastructure for the 21st century, the Digging into Data Challenge encourages the development and application of new techniques for searching, analyzing, and understanding large bodies of material. The first round of the Digging into Data Challenge was held in 2009 and the second in 2011. This year, ten sponsoring funders will support projects that apply digital techniques and analysis to a wide variety of subjects, including a comparison of legal codes from around the world, an examination of the links between migration and regional linguistic variation, and the application of image processing techniques to archeological research.
Of the approximately $5.1 million U.S. dollars provided by these ten agencies, the National Endowment for the Humanities’ contribution of $549,484 supports American researchers from four of the fourteen teams.
Annotating Data Extraction from Chinese Texts
Humanities scholars and computer scientists from Harvard University (US), and King’s College, London (UK), assisted by scholars from National Taiwan University and Academia Sinica, Taiwan, will develop an open-source platform to transform classical Chinese texts into highly structured data suitable for the application of text mining techniques. The platform will be tested against a collection of local histories, letters and notebooks dating from the seventh through the thirteenth century, enabling the tagging, sorting, and analysis of biographical information from the texts such as personal and place names, dates, official titles, kinship ties and other social relationships. (NEH grant support: $125,000)
Commonplace Cultures: Mining Shared Passages in the 18th Century using Sequence Alignment and Visual Analytics
Researchers and computer scientists from the University of Chicago (US) and the University of Oxford’s e-Research Centre and Voltaire Foundation (UK) will use sequence alignment and large-scale visual analytics to track and map the use of frequently cited passages within a collection of 18th-century “commonplaces” — scrapbooks used to collect and organize quotations, proverbs and other bits of information—to identify trends and conventions in the compilation of commonplaces and examine their role in the formation of a collective literary culture. (NEH grant support: $124,948)
Global Currents: Cultures of Literary Networks, 1050-1900
Literary scholars and computer scientists from Stanford University (US), McGill University (Canada), École de Technologie Supérieure (Canada), and Groningen University (The Netherlands) will apply image processing and social network analysis to world literatures to examine and compare the literary networks of intellectual exchange that developed within distinct cultural epochs, focusing specifically on four domains: post-classical Islamic philosophy, women’s writing from the Chinese Ming-Qing Dynasties, the Anglo-Saxon Middle Ages, and the European Enlightenment. (NEH grant support: $124,559)
Resurrecting Early Christian Lives: Digging in Papyri in a Digital Age
Researchers at the University of Minnesota (US) and Oxford University (UK) will study Christian identity in Greco-Roman Egypt by building a digital transcription tool for the Coptic language and a web-based interface that will permit scholars to analyze crowd-sourced transcriptions of ancient papyri found in a trash heap in Egypt documenting the everyday lives and activities of early Christians in the Mediterranean. (NEH grant support: $174,977)
The sponsoring research funders include the National Endowment for the Humanities (United States), the National Science Foundation (United States), the Institute of Museum and Library Services (United States), Arts & Humanities Research Council (United Kingdom), the Economic & Social Research Council (United Kingdom), the Canada Foundation for Innovation (Canada), Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council (Canada), the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (Canada), and the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research in collaboration with The Netherlands eScience Center (NLeSC) (Netherlands). The Joint Information Systems Committee (United Kingdom) will provide professional program management of the United Kingdom projects.
Additional information about the competition can be found at www.diggingintodata.org
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Digging Into Data International Funding Organizations
The Arts & Humanities Research Council (AHRC): Each year the AHRC provides approximately £112 million from the Government to support research and postgraduate study in the arts and humanities, from languages and law, archaeology and English literature to design and creative and performing arts. In any one year, the AHRC makes approximately 700 research awards and around 1,300 postgraduate awards. Awards are made after a rigorous peer review process, to ensure that only applications of the highest quality are funded. The quality and range of research supported by this investment of public funds not only provides social and cultural benefits but also contributes to the economic success of the UK.
The Canada Foundation for Innovation (CFI): Created by the Government of Canada in 1997, the Canada Foundation for Innovation (CFI) strives to build our nation’s capacity to undertake world-class research and technology development to benefit Canadians. Thanks to CFI investment in state-of-the-art facilities and equipment, universities, colleges, research hospitals and non-profit research institutions are attracting and retaining the world’s top talent, training the next generation of researchers, supporting private-sector innovation and creating high-quality jobs that strengthen Canada’s position in today’s knowledge economy.
The Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) is the UK's largest organisation for funding research on economic and social issues. It supports independent, high quality research which has an impact on business, the public sector and the third sector. The ESRC’s total budget for 2011/12 is £203 million. At any one time the ESRC supports over 4,000 researchers and postgraduate students in academic institutions and independent research institutes. More at www.esrc.ac.uk
The Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS) is the primary source of federal support for the nation’s 123,000 libraries and 17,500 museums. Our mission is to inspire libraries and museums to advance innovation, lifelong learning, and cultural and civic engagement. Our grant making, policy development, and research help libraries and museums deliver valuable services that make it possible for communities and individuals to thrive. To learn more, visit www.imls.gov and follow us on Facebook and Twitter.
Jisc offers digital services for UK education and research. The charity does this to achieve its vision for the UK to be the most digitally advanced education and research nation in the world. Working together across the higher education, further education and skills sectors, Jisc provides trusted advice and support, reduces sector costs across shared network, digital content, IT services and procurement negotiations, ensuring the sector stays ahead of the game with research and development for the future. Find out more at www.jisc.ac.uk or contact the press team on firstname.lastname@example.org.
The National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH). Created in 1965 as an independent federal agency, the NEH supports learning in history, literature, philosophy, and other areas of the humanities. NEH grants enrich classroom learning, create and preserve knowledge, and bring ideas to life through public television, radio, new technologies, museum exhibitions, and programs in libraries and other community places. Additional information about the National Endowment for the Humanities and its grant programs is available on the Internet at www.neh.gov.
The National Science Foundation (NSF) is an independent federal agency that supports fundamental research and education across all fields of science and engineering. In fiscal year (FY) 2009, its budget is $9.5 billion, which includes $3.0 billion provided through the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act. NSF funds reach all 50 states through grants to over 1,900 universities and institutions. Each year, NSF receives about 44,400 competitive requests for funding, and makes over 11,500 new funding awards. NSF also awards over $400 million in professional and service contracts yearly. More information about NSF is available on the Internet at www.nsf.gov/.
The Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO) funds thousands of top researchers at universities and institutes and steers the course of Dutch science by means of subsidies and research programmes.
The Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council (NSERC). NSERC aims to make Canada a country of discoverers and innovators for the benefit of all Canadians. The agency supports university students in their advanced studies, promotes and supports discovery research, and fosters innovation by encouraging Canadian companies to participate and invest in postsecondary research projects. NSERC researchers are on the vanguard of science, building on Canada’s long tradition of scientific excellence.
The Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (SSHRC) is the Canadian federal agency that promotes and supports postsecondary-based research and training in the humanities and social sciences. Through its programs, SSHRC works to develop talented leaders for all sectors of society, helps generate insights about people, ideas and behaviour and builds connections within and beyond academia that will build a better future for Canada and the world and help build understanding and knowledge to better equip Canadians make informed decisions about their future and long-term prosperity. For more information, visit www.sshrc-crsh.gc.ca/.